A Guide to American Football Basic for Beginners

American football is undoubtedly the most popular sport in the United States, and millions of Americans gather each year to watch the NFL Super Bowl. In addition to the huge fan base in its country of origin, it also has millions of fans worldwide.

Despite its worldwide appeal, many people still find American football quite confusing. This could be because the game looks very different from other popular sports like soccer, basketball, and hockey. This is especially true for international fans and beginners as they may find the rules of the game quite complex.

Due to its popularity, the NFL, the Pro League is one of the most competitive leagues, with enthusiastic pundits placing millions of dollars worth of bets using promotions like the Daily Casino Welcome Bonus. If you are one of those people who find American football confusing, this article is for you. Here’s a breakdown of NFL games.

1. The aim of the game

American football is all about scoring points by getting the ball into the other team’s end zone. This can be done either by running the ball there, kicking it through the goal posts, or catching a pass here, a move worth 3 points.

Each team has four downs, or chances, to move the ball forward 10 yards. If this fails, the other team gets the chance to play. In the end, the team with the most points wins the game.

2. Positions and Players

American football is played between two teams and each side has 11 players. Team players are split to serve different positions. These posts include:

  • Quarterbacks: The quarterback position is perhaps the most popular position in this league. He is the one who leads the offense and also has the task of passing or running the ball.

  • Running backs: The running back is the player running behind the quarterbacks with the ball.

  • Wide receiver: A wide receiver’s job is to catch passes from the quarterback.

  • Tight Ends: The primary role of tight ends on a team is to block defenders from their opponent. They also catch passes.

3. Downs

As previously mentioned, in American football, every team gets four downs for moving the ball 10 yards. If the team in possession fails to do so, it is considered a turnover. As a result, the other team gets a chance to play offensively.

The first down is recorded when the offense gains possession of the ball for the first time. You get four opportunities to cover the 10 yards. The second down is called when the first down is made, which continues throughout play.

4. Scoring

There are several ways to score points in American football. These include:

  • Landing: The best way to score in the NFL is with a touchdown, a move worth 6 points. Players can score by carrying the ball into the end zone, catching a pass in the end zone, or retrieving a fumble in the end zone.

  • extra point: An extra point is awarded after a touchdown. It’s worth 1 point. The team that just scored the touchdown can kick the ball through the goalpost for an extra point, or attempt to score another touchdown from the 2-yard line, which would be worth 2 points.

  • Security: Safety is scored when the defending team engages offense in their own end zone. This type of scoring adds two extra points and a change of possession to the defense.

5. Fouls and Penalties

Similar to other sports such as soccer and basketball, American football has different fouls and penalties. These are:

  • Offensive fouls: An offensive foul is a foul committed by the offensive team during play. They can include things like false starts, ineligible players in the field, and a game delay.

  • Defense fouls: As the name suggests, defensive fouls are committed by the defensive team. They can include pass interference as well as roughing the passer.

  • Special team fouls: Special team fouls are committed by both teams during special team games such as field goal attempts and punts. They can include too many players on the field or delay the game.

6. The American football field

The playing surface in one American Football Game is called the field. It measures 100 meters long and 53.3 meters wide. You’ll see goal posts at both ends of the field, and teams score by kicking the ball through them.

The field is divided into two main areas:

  • Offensive side: The offensive side is the side where the team in possession tries to score a goal.

  • Defensive side: The defensive side, as the name suggests, is the side where the defending team is positioned.

There are also end zones at each end of the field. These are 10 yards deep and the main objective of the game is to score a touchdown by carrying the ball into this area.

There are also yard line markings on the field that are used to measure distance and progress during play.


American football is a sport enjoyed by millions of people worldwide. It’s a fast-paced and exciting game that has a huge following. If you are new to the sport, I hope you will find this guide helpful as an excellent introduction to the basics of American football.

Story originally appeared on Mountain West Wire

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