Computer scientists Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn are popularly known as the fathers of the internet. It all started in 1980 when the duo created a data transmission policy that called TCP/IP or Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol. The Back at Home Education and Research Network (ERNET) was established in 1986 by the Department of Electronics (DoE). The Government of India and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) involve eight leading institutions as participating agencies: NCST (National Center for Software Technology) Bombay, IISc (Indian Institute of Science) Bangalore, five IITs (Indian Institutes of Technology) in Delhi , Bombay, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Madras and the DoE, New Delhi provided much-needed funds. It started as a multiprotocol network and since 1995 almost all traffic has been carried over TCP/IP.
World Wide Web 1.0
Although historically many ways have been used to transfer data from one computer to another, Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist, invented the World Wide Web (WWW) in 1989 while working at CERN. Back then, it was built to meet the demand for automated information exchange between scientists at universities and institutes around the world.
And since then there has been no stopping. In the late 1990s, Netscape took over the browser market with an 86% share, leaving Internet Explorer with only 10%. But Microsoft caught up as it began integrating its browser into its operating system and bundling deals with OEMs. Internet Explorer is believed to have captured 75% of the market share within four years of its launch, reaching 99% by 1999. Release IE had 75% of the browser market and by 1999 it had 99% of the market. Interestingly, Apple was busy building its own ecosystem at almost the same time. In fact, prior to the release of Mac OS X, Internet Explorer for Mac and Netscape were the primary browsers.
As the Internet War gathered momentum, Netscape responded by open-sourcing its product, creating Mozilla. Although this gave Netscape a technical advantage, it didn’t save the company and eventually it was bought by America Online in late 1998.
Web2.0 and its development
Even though the Mozilla project initially struggled to attract developers until 2002, it had developed into a relatively stable offering. Also in 2002, a spinoff project was initiated to launch Firefox. In addition, AOL announced that it would end support and development of the Netscape web browser in February 2008. In the second half of 2004, Internet Explorer peaked with a market share of more than 92%, but then came Google’s Chrome in September 2008, and the latter has since taken a large chunk of the market away from players like Internet Explorer and Yahoo.
In between, the industry also saw the launch of Opera in 1996. However, a popular choice in handheld devices, particularly cell phones, is a niche player in the PC web browser market.
Web3.0 – Kal, Aaj, Kal
And now we’re moving towards Web 3.0, which is about immersive experiences, through avaatars, non-fungible tokens, using blockchain, and finally creating a decentralized financial system through cryptocurrency. We have only just begun to take tiny steps towards this development – only time will tell if it lasts or not. As we embark on this journey, the present generation will also be made aware of the concept of the multiverse.
In the future it will be interesting to see how avaatars can live a separate and completely different life on the internet as opposed to real life. The question will blur the lines between role and reality.
follow us on TwitterFacebook, LinkedIn